Getting StartedΒΆ

First, you will need to check that git is installed on your system:

$ git --version
git version

Git provides help from the command line:

$ git help
usage: git [--version] [--exec-path[=GIT_EXEC_PATH]] [--html-path]
        [-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects]
        [--bare] [--git-dir=GIT_DIR] [--work-tree=GIT_WORK_TREE]
        [--help] COMMAND [ARGS]

The most commonly used git commands are:
   add        Add file contents to the index
   bisect     Find by binary search the change that introduced a bug
   branch     List, create, or delete branches
   checkout   Checkout a branch or paths to the working tree
   clone      Clone a repository into a new directory
   commit     Record changes to the repository
   diff       Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
   fetch      Download objects and refs from another repository
   grep       Print lines matching a pattern
   init       Create an empty git repository or reinitialize an existing one
   log        Show commit logs
   merge      Join two or more development histories together
   mv         Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
   pull       Fetch from and merge with another repository or a local branch
   push       Update remote refs along with associated objects
   rebase     Forward-port local commits to the updated upstream head
   reset      Reset current HEAD to the specified state
   rm         Remove files from the working tree and from the index
   show       Show various types of objects
   status     Show the working tree status
   tag        Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG

See 'git help COMMAND' for more information on a specific command.

Please take some time to become familiar with getting help on using git commands. Note that this help message explains how to get more detailed help on a specific command. You can also get more information using man git or visit the official git website at

The next step is to configure git with your name, email address, and your preferred text editor. These values will be stored globally and will be used by all the git repositories you create on your workstation.:

$ git config --global core.editor vim      # or nano, for a simpler, easier to learn editor
$ git config --global "Your Name"
$ git config --global ""
$ git config -l
core.editor=vim Name

The following command will configure git to use color highlighting when outputting to the terminal:

$ git config --global color.ui auto

If you have successfully got this far you are now ready to move onto the next session: Creating your first repository.